Last updated on 04.11.2016
Last reviewed on 04.11.2016

Frequently Asked Questions

Labour Commissionerate

Q. What is Labour Welfare Society ?

A. This is a Society formed for the welfare of the Unorganised Sector Workers in Pondicherry.


Factory Inspectorate

Q. What are the statutes administered by the Boiler Inspector?

A. Inspector under the Indian Boilers Act and Factories Act.


Q. What is a steam test?

A. Testing the boiler with steam for its maximum working pressure, i.e., opening of safety valve.


Q. What is a hydraulic test?

A. Testing the boiler with water, for a pressure of one and half times of the boiler's maximum working pressure.


Q. To whom a boiler accident is to be reported?

A. To the Chief Inspector of Boilers, in writing within 24 hours.


Q. When a Boiler certificate is to be renewed?

A.1. on expiry of the current certificate

   2. before commencing operation of the boiler after an accident

   3. if the boiler is transferred from any other state

   4. for any structural alteration in the boiler 


Q. What is a steam pipe?

A. Any pipe through which steam passes from a boiler to a prime mover or other user or both, if:-


   1. the pressure at which steam passes through such pipe exceeds 3.5 kilograms per square centimetre above atmospheric pressure or

   2. such pipe exceeds 254 millimetres in internal diameter. 


Q. What is a feed pipe?

A. A feed pipe means any pipe or connected fitting wholly or partly under pressure through which feed water passes directly to a boiler and which does not form an integral part thereof.


Q. What is an Economiser?

A. An Economiser means any part of the feed pipe which is wholly or partially exposed to the action of flue gases for the purpose of recovery of waste heat.


Q. When a boiler comes under Indian Boiler Rules?

A. Any closed vessel exceeding 22.75 litres in capacity or heat surface of not more than 10 sqm. which is used expressly for generating steam under pressure and includes any monitoring or other fitting attached to such vessel which is wholly or partly under pressure when steam is shut off.


Q. What are the limitations of a second class and first class boiler attendants in the matter taking charge of a boiler?

A. A first class boiler attendant can take charges of one or more boilers, the total heating surface of which does not exceed 697 sq.mts. and for second class 139.35 sq.mts and for third class 18.58 sq.mts


Q. From where the information can be had regarding Statutory fees for boiler registration / renewal?

A. Details are available in the web site www.pon.nic.in / Pondicherry Boiler Rules, 1988 G.O.M.S.No.10/88 dt. 12.02.88.


Q. Is it possible to get extension of validity period of working certificate of a boiler?

A. No


Q. Is it possible to postpone the statutory inspection of boilers?

A. Yes


Q. Who has to prepare on site and off site emergency plan?

A. On site emergency plan is required to be prepared by the occupier of MAH units and mock drill shall be conducted once in 6 months and report of the mock drill shall be forwarded to concerned authority.Off site emergency plan is required to be prepared by District Collector or District Emergency Authority and conduct mock drill once in a year.


Q. What are the provisions for safety reports and safety audits?

A. Provisions for safety reports and safety audits are as under.


Q. What are the duties of the occupier under CIMAH rule?

A. Duties of the occupier who has ultimate control of the factory are hereunder.


Q. What is the meaning of industrial activity and isolated storage?

A. Industrial Activity means

An operation of process carried out in an industrial installation referred to in schedule 4 involving or likely to involve one or more hazardous chemicals and includes on site storage or on site transport which is associated with that operation or process as the case may be and isolated storage means storage of hazardous chemical other than storage associated with an installation on the same site specified in schedule 4 where that storage involves at least the quantities of that chemical set out in schedule -2.


Q. What is the meaning of Hazardous Chemicals ?

A. Hazardous Chemicals means


Q. What are the guidelines for preparation of plans?

A. Plans are to be drawn to a metric scale by a qualified engineer / draftsman, duly signed by him and also by the applicant showing

Standards norms for the building and installation of machinery;


There should be a clear moving space of 0.9 m (3 feet) from machine to machine to wall.
Ridge roof ventilator with an opening of 0.9 mtrs (3 feet) width and 0.6 m (2 feet) height shall be provided over the roofing of all the work halls. In case of north light glazing an air gap of at least 0.3 m (1 foot) should be provided between the top of glazing and the roof sheeting. Also the north light glazing should invariable face north.


The building should have masonry walls. If A.C. sheet or metal sheets are used as cladding they should be fixed in the form of louvres, vertical cladding is not permissible.


Size of doors and windows should not be less than 1.2 X 2.1 mts (4' X 7') and 0.9 x 1.5 mts (3' X 5') respectively. Ventilators should be 0.9 x 0.45 mts (3' X 1 '). The doors and windows should be so spaced that they should not be located at a distance of more than 3mts. (10 feet) from centre to centre. Opening should be at least 15% of floor area.


A minimum of two exits shall be provided to each of the manufacturing buildings. In the case of manufacturing buildings, godowns / stores good number of exits should be provided in such a manner to ensure that in case of emergency a person need not travel a distance of more than 30 mts to get out of the building.


Every factory shall be constructed with pucca masonry walls of bricks, stone or other suitable material. The roofing materials used shall be of non heat radiating and fire resistant type. Any other special requirements in respect of building specific to the manufacturing process should be implemented.


Mechanical exhaust arrangements, dust collection systems etc., should be provided wherever necessary.


The entrepreneurs should specifically note, while drawing up factory building plans, the following welfare facilities to be provided invariably in the factory.


If the unit is a hazardous industry attracting provisions of Manufacturing, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules, 1989, the details of hazardous processes, the maximum quantity of chemicals stored in the premises and data sheets of all chemicals, safety report and onsite emergency plans shall be enclosed to the application along with a "No Objection" certificate from the Pondicherry Pollution Control Committee.


Clearance from the Explosives Authorities is necessary wherever materials attracting the provisions of Explosives Act are handled processed.


Q. What are the statutes administered by this Inspectorate?

A. The following are the statutes administered by this Inspectorate:-


Q. What are dangerous manufacturing process / operations ?

A. The following operations when carried on in any factory are declared to be dangerous manufacturing process or operations under Rule 105 of Pondicherry Factory Rules 1964:-


Q. What are the dangerous machineries?

A. The following machinery as per Rule 56 are considered as dangerous machines

Q. Which factories / operations / machines are considered to be hazardous?

A. The lists of the factories involving hazardous process are as follows:-


Q. What are the obligations of workers ?

A. Following are the obligation of a workers in a Factory:-
No worker in the factory


Q. What are the responsibilities of an Occupier?


Q. Which are the notices to be displayed?


 Q. Which are the returns to be submitted Factories engaging less than 20 workers?

A. Core Return in Form A is to be submitted on or before 15th February.


Q. Which are the returns to be submitted by factories engaging more than 20 workers?


Q. What are the requirements for the approval of the plans?

A. An application shall be made in Form No. 1-C which shall be accompanied by the following documents


Q. Is there any provision for prolong sickness after delivery?

A. Where a woman suffers illness arising out of her pregnancy, miscarriage, premature birth of a child or delivery, she shall be allowed in addition to above leave with wages for maximum one month.


Q. Is there any restriction by employer / pregnant woman for employment?


  1. No woman shall work in any establishment during the 6 weeks immediately following the day of delivery or miscarriage.
  2. No employer shall knowingly employ a woman in any establishment during 6 weeks immediately following the day of her delivery or miscarriage.


Q. What is the mode of payment?

A. Maternity benefits is payable in advance for 6 weeks by the employer on production of the proof that woman is pregnant and other 6 weeks payment shall be made within 48 hours on production of the proof that the woman has delivered a child. On death of woman, it will be paid to her nominee. If woman dies during the period that the maternity benefit shall be paid only for day upto and including the day of death. If child survives, than the benefit for the period for 6 weeks shall be paid. If child also dies during the said period, than the benefits upto and including the day of death of child shall be paid to nominee.


Q. What is the eligibility for maternity benefit?

A. She should have actually worked in the establishment in a period not less than 160 days in the preceding 12 months and not covered under E.S.I.C.


Q. Whether nursing breaks given to mother? If yes, what is the duration?

A. After returning on duty the woman shall be allowed for two breaks each of 15 minutes duration for nursing the child on and above the regular interval until the child attains the age of 15 months.


Q. What are the maternity benefits to the pregnant woman?

A. Maternity benefits to the pregnant woman are as under



Q. What is the time limit of Payment of Wages ?

A. Before 7th of the subsequent month  where less than 1000 employees are employed and before 10th where more than 1000 employees are employed.


Q. Who shall be an inspector for the purpose of the Act?



Q. Which types of deduction may be made from wages? Or what is legal deduction?



Q. What is Wages?

A. All remuneration by way of salary and allowances in terms of money to a person employed in respect of his work done during employment which includes



 Q. What is the limit of pay for the application of this Act?

A. Wages payable to employed person shall not exceed rupees six thousand five hundred a month.


 Q. When will my name be sponsored?

A. Your name will be sponsored according to the seniority of your registration and qualification required by the Employer as and when vacancies are notified to the Employment Exchange.


Q. What is the purpose for continuing renewal after crossing the age limit?

A. Sometimes the age limit prescribed by the Government may be relaxed by the employer for certain recruitment / job when a candidate was not sponsored even once.


Q. What is the procedure for cancellation of employment registration?

A. If the registrant fail to renew the Employment Identity Card within the stipulated time, the cancellation certificate will be issued at the request of the registrant, when he want to register his name with the Employment Exchange of some other states.


Q. What is Validity Period for Registering caste certificates?

A. The OBC Certificate is valid for one year from the date of issue and the SC/ST Certificate is valid for three years from the date of issue.


Q. What is the procedure for renewal?

A. A registrant has to renew registration on the month due (once in every three years). In case of failure to renew, Government has permitted a grace period of 17 months. If the candidate fails to renew the card within the stipulated time, the Employment Card will automatically lapse. Renewal can also be done through postal services.


Q. Transfer of employment registration from other region and vice versa, is there any change in the seniority?

A. There is no change in the seniority.


A. Minimum age for fresh registration is 14 years.


Q. After crossing the age limit, without getting any opportunities, is there any age relaxation given by the Government for over aged candidates?

A. The over aged candidates not even sponsored once may be sponsored by the Employment Exchange for the vacancies notified by a Government Department. The concerned Department may obtain age relaxation in such case.


Q. What are the procedures for transferring the employment registration from other exchange and vice versa?

A. Candidate should submit an application giving new residential address and the name of the Employment Exchange where the registration is to be transferred along with the proof of the residence (5 Years residence in the state) namely ration card.


Q. What kind of experience will be registered to the SSLC failed candidates?

A. Dhobi, Cook, Gardner, Nursing Attendant, Animal Attendant etc.


Q. What kind of experience will be registered to the SSLC passed candidates?

A. Lab Attendant, Lift operator etc.


Q. What is the age limit for the employment opportunities for general category, OBC category and SC Category etc.?

A. General 18 to 32 years
    OBC 18 to 35 years
    SC-ST 18 to 37 Years.
    PH 18 to 42 Years.
    MSM 18 to 37 years
    Widow - 18 to 37 Years


Q. What is the procedure for fresh registration and certificates required for registration?

A. Anyone above 14 years of age and residing within the jurisdiction of Union Territory of Pondicherry is eligible for registering their names in the Employment Exchange. They should produce all the original certificates of educational qualifications and proof of residence issued by the relevant authorities of Revenue Department or Ration Card.